Microservices là gì? Hiểu Microservices trong 12 phút !!!

Key Takeaways from the Video

1. Introduction to Microservices

  • Monolithic Architecture Limitations:
    • Cumbersome Development: Larger teams handling various functions simultaneously leads to longer build and test times.
    • Slower Development Over Time: The more services interlinked, the harder it gets to add new functionalities.
    • Lack of Flexibility: Monolithic systems force all services to be developed in a single language or framework, limiting flexibility.
    • Inefficiency in Resource Allocation: Resources are inefficiently used as scaling affects all services, not just the ones that need it.
    • Reliability Issues: If one service fails, it can impact the entire system since all services run on the same process.

2. Benefits of Microservices

  • Independent Development: Small, independent services can be developed without affecting others.
  • Faster Testing: Testing becomes more straightforward and faster as it only involves specific services instead of the entire system.
  • Language Flexibility: Each service can use the most appropriate language or framework for its needs.
  • Efficient Resource Usage: Resources can be scaled for individual services as needed, saving costs.
  • Enhanced Reliability: One service failing does not bring down the entire system, making the architecture more stable.

3. Components of a Microservices Architecture

  • Services: The core components containing the business logic, which can be developed in different languages and deployed within containers.
  • APIs: Facilitate communication between services and the external world, typically implemented using RESTful APIs.
  • Service Discovery: Tools that allow services to dynamically discover each other within a network.
  • Load Balancers: Distribute traffic evenly among services or containers to prevent any single component from being overloaded.
  • Service Mesh: Advanced layer for managing communications between services, offering features like traffic management, encryption, monitoring, and more.
  • Message Brokers: Solutions for asynchronous communication between services; examples include Kafka.
  • Databases: Individual databases that each service can maintain for its data management needs.

4. Deployment Considerations

  • Deployment Complexity: Deploying microservices involves ensuring that all services remain available and can scale appropriately. Kubernetes is a popular orchestration tool used for this purpose.
  • Kubernetes Benefits: Offers high availability, automatic scaling, self-healing, and optimal resource allocation for deployed services.

5. Demonstration

  • Example Application: A simple microservice application named "Book Info" is demonstrated, which comprises four services:
    • ProductPage: Displays book information.
    • Review: Shows reviews.
    • Rating: Contains rating information.
  • Deployment Steps:
    • Check the status of the Kubernetes cluster.
    • Ensure monitoring and visualization tools are running.
    • Deploy the application using a combined YAML configuration for simplicity.

Demonstration Details

  • Configured Tools:
    • Monitoring: Prometheus and Grafana for monitoring.
    • Tracing: Jaeger for tracing service interactions.
    • Service Management: Istio for handling service communication.

By breaking down the system into independent components, microservices allow for more manageable, flexible, and scalable development processes which address many of the challenges inherent in monolithic architecture.

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